Although in the wider aspect of motor development follows a similar pattern for everyone, in details the pattern occurs individual differences. This affects the age at which the individual differences reach different stages.
Factors affecting motor development: the most important factors affecting motor development in children are physical, general health, and mental capacity, in addition to psychological conditions, as well as environmental factors in poverty and wealth, and socialization factors.
- Development of nervous system.
The nervous system is very influential in motor development because it is the nervous system that controls motor movement in the human body.
- The physical ability that allows moving.
Because motor development is closely related to the physical then a person’s physical ability will greatly affect the development of one’s motor. Normal children of motor development will be better than children who have physical deficiencies.
- The desire of the child who motivated him to move.
When the child is able to carry out a motor movement, it will be motivated to move to a wider motor again. Because the more trained motor skills of children will increase.
- Supportive links.
Child motor development will be more optimized if the environment where child growth and support them to move freely. Outdoor activities can be the best choice because it can stimulate muscle development.
- Child psychological aspect.
Good motor skills are closely related to self-esteem.
The rapid pace of growth is in the prenatal, the first year of life and in adolescence.
After passing through puberty, the growth of the boy will be faster.
Genetics are innate children of potential children who will become his trademark. Genetic disorders will affect the child’s development process.
- Chromosomal abnormalities.
In general, chromosomal abnormalities will be accompanied by failure of growth.
Conditions Influencing the rate of motor development
Here are the conditions that have the greatest impact on the rate of motor development.
- Genetic properties, including body shape and intelligence, have a prominent influence on the rate of motor development
- If at the beginning of post-birth life there is no barrier of unfavorable environmental conditions, the more active the fetus the faster the motor development of children.
- A favorable prenatal condition, especially the nutrition of the mother’s diet, promotes faster motor development in the post-natal period, rather than unpleasant prenatal conditions
- A difficult birth, especially if there is damage to the brain will slow motor development.
- If there is no environmental disturbance, then good health and nutrition early in life after childbirth will accelerate motor development
- Children with high IQ show faster development than children whose IQ is normal or below normal
- The existence of stimulation, encouragement, and opportunity to move all parts of the body will accelerate motor development
- Excessive protection will cripple the readiness of developing motor skills
- Because more stimulation and encouragement than parents, the first child’s motor development tends to be better than the motor development of children born later. Pre-term birth usually slows motor development because the rate of motor development at birth is below the infant’s developmental rate at the right time.
- Physical disabilities, such as blindness will slow down motor development
- In motor development, gender, color, and socioeconomic differences are mostly due to differences in motivation and training rather than children due to inborn differences.
Child motor development will be more optimized if the environment where child growth and support them to move freely. Outdoor activities can be the best choice because it can stimulate muscle development. If the child’s activities in the room, maximizing the room can be used as a strategy to provide free space for children to run, jump and move their entire body in unlimited ways.