Just like any other sound, the music received by the ear will be processed by the brain to produce a certain perception. But not only that, the tone sequence of music can also affect how the brain works and responds to stimuli, both from outside and inside the body.
The phenomenon of how music can affect the human brain has been studied for a long time. You may not realize it, when you pass by on the sidewalk there are people who are playing street pianos may seem ordinary, but it takes mutual help from different parts of the brain to recognize and string sounds received when we listen to music.
What are the effects of music on brain performance?
Here are some ways music can affect the brain:
- Music triggers brain development
At birth, the baby’s brain is not the same as the adult brain. The brain will experience the process of differentiation during childhood. This process occurs by recognizing the environment, especially recognizing sounds, speech, and certain tones.
A study by Nina Kraus published on the Live Science website shows that people who practice playing a musical instrument can respond to sounds and language better. They will also tend to experience a slower process of brain aging. In another study, Kraus also found practicing musical instruments can improve a person’s ability to hear in a noisy atmosphere, and recognize the emotional aspects of a speech.
- Helping the brain to think more creatively
Every time you listen to new music, your brain forms a new little structure based on the set of audible tones. The process also helps think of forming a new way of thinking.
Another interesting fact is, if we are diligent to follow music trends or listen to new music, this can increase creativity.
Indeed, many people, especially those who are not young anymore, who prefer to listen to songs from his youth than the new songs that are a trend. These new songs may not be too good to hear because our brains are not familiar with the tone sequence, but regular listening to new music can actually encourage the brain to understand new things.
- Help to learn a new language
The tone sequence of music evokes a response similar to the language. Both tone and language are stored in the brain structure associated with the process of motivation, reward, and emotion.
Learning the language of the lyrics of certain songs that use a language other than our mother tongue, will make the brain more quickly remember and predict the structure of sentences and language used in the song. In this way, the language is processed and remembered along with the tone, in the large part of the brain and amygdala, not in the frontal lobes used to memorize or remember.
- Trigger distraction
Distraction occurs when the brain does not respond to a stimulus normally. It is certainly useful if we want to avoid a stimulus that makes us stop doing, for example when we’re exercising.
When exercising, the most frequent stimuli are the fatigue that the body sends to the brain, which gives the order to stop and rest. By listening to music, the brain will process more of the received sound, rather than focus on fatigue. But this method may only be effective for mild exercise activity with repetitive movements, as well as painless,
To produce an effective distraction effect, listen to the kind of music that keeps you motivated. Choose music with medium tempo but not too fast and not too noisy, with an intensity of about 145 bpm. Tempo music is more easily adapted to brain waves because the brain can still process information from sound. Meanwhile, if too fast and too noisy, the brain can not process information and will not make the brain more motivated.
- Helps remember
Music can trigger the work of the brain in digging up information that is remembered by someone. It is not yet known how exactly the mechanism occurred, but there is the theory that it is similar to the phenomenon of synesthesia in which a person’s brain generates a perception of images and emotions when hearing a music or song.
Based on the results of several studies, the researchers also agreed that tone sequences can help patients with dementia disorders or brain trauma to remember better.